Heat related disease is a major killer in India. Around 165 people per 100,000 population die from heart related disease in India. On World Heart day on Monday, September 29 , 2014 we share some information on few health conditions and heart related diseases.
Defining Heart Failure
Heart failure is when the ability of your heart to pump is less than normal condition, it can happen gradually. Heart failure is not total stop of heart function. The pressure in the heart increases with the heart loosing elasticity and pumping chambers getting weaker. This creates lack of oxygen and nutrients in the body.
Some Common Symptoms of Heart failure
Shortness of breath and feeling breathless
Swelling in certain areas of feet, ankles, abdomen
Difficulty sleeping flat in bed and feeling restless
Irregular pulse rates
Frequent urinating specially at night
Preventing Heart Attacks in Future
Preventing heart attack in future is important and we need to take few steps for a better heart health. The simple few steps are regular intake of medicines as per prescription, changing life style as required and periodic visit to doctor.
Some Health and Heart Conditions Connected
- High Blood Pressure
- Regular Stress
Few Health and Lifestyle Conditions that Needs to be Taken Care
1. Heart Disease and High BP – Blood Pressure
High blood pressure (BP) is bad for heart, if it under control with help of medicines then it is much safer than uncontrolled high blood pressure. It slowly damages the heart and health. People suffering from high BP should be under the treatment of a specialist doctor and try keep BP under control. Some condition arising out of high BP.
Ischemic Heart Disease
It is a condition where the heart muscles are not getting enough blood. Medical advice from specialist doctors includes proper diet, keeping a healthy body weight , avoiding tobacco products, alcohol, high calorie food, food with lot of fats, salt etc. periodic health and heart checkups with regular consumption of prescriptions medicines.
In some cases heart surgery is required.
2. Heart Health and Regular Stress
Stress may directly not impact heart condition, but regular stress may worse health conditions. Stress may be a reason for greater damage of health due to cholesterol, high blood pressure and blood sugar. Again regular stress increases unhealthy hormones like adrenaline and cortisol. Stress may create blood clots and result in malfunctioning of heart.
3. Obesity is a major reason for heart failures
Obesity is a major reason for heart related dieses. Obesity has strong connection with nor proper functioning of heart. Being obese may narrow the blood paths to the heart and lack of supply or irregular supply of blood to heart can be a major reason for heart failure. Obese people have a higher chance of heart attack.
4. Smoking increases chances of heart attack
Smoking is very bad for health and heart. Smoking increases chances of heart attack. Each cigarette smoked increases the risk of cardio vascular disease. People smoking 1-2 usual quantity packs of cigarettes per day increases their chances of heart attack almost double than a non smoker.
Women smokers, who are also taking birth control pills are at more risk, as they have an increased chance of stroke, heart attack and clotting of blood.
Passive smoking if very regular also increases chances of heart disease. Children get highly affected by passive smoking. Being exposed to an environment where many smokers are there regularly can badly effect health and heart.
The deadly nicotine in cigarettes is major cause for
- Decreasing oxygen supply to the heart
- Increase in blood pressure and heart rate
- Chances of blood clotting
5. Heart disease risk is greater for diabetics
People with diabetes have much higher chances of heart failure or heart disease.. Diabetics have almost 2 times more risk of heart attack than non-diabetics. People with Type 2 diabetes have more chances of heart related diseases.
The increased blood sugar levels builds up higher cholesterol levels. The coronary arteries get hard due to the cholesterol build up. This results in lower supply of blood and nutrition to heart.
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