Health Care

‘Burns’ – All you needed to know – Types of Burns | Precautions | First Aid | Emergency |DESUN Hospital Burns Unit Kolkata | Siliguri

‘Burns’ are one of the most common form domestic injuries. It causes serious skin damage which may cause cell to die. Burns if not treated on time can lead to fatal health problems and even cause death. DESUN Hospital experts at BURNS Unit Kolkata and Siliguri share experience on burns prevention and treatment. Burns are broadly classified into

Minor or first degree burns

Second degree burns

Severe or third degree burns

Fourth degree burn

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Characteristics of BURNS

Minor or FIRST Degree Burns

No Blisters, only redness of skin

Mild swelling of skin

Dry peeling of skin


SECOND Degree Burns


Skin thickening


Severe or THIRD Degree Burns

White leathery skin

Charred skin

Breathing complications

FOURTH Degree Burns 

Burns extending to bones and tendons


Reasons of burn

‘Burns’ mainly cause due to carelessness in handling inflammable things and electronic gadgets. They can be broadly divided to

Hot boiling liquids

Burns from electronic gadgets

Extreme exposure in sun

Burns from chemicals

Burns from candles, match sticks


Short circuit

Safeguard against burns

Check all electrical gadgets and wires

Keep the matchsticks and lighters in lock, out of reach of children

Use chemicals wearing gloves

Discard electrical cord with open wires

Lit off the cylinders after use

Keep fire extinguishers near the kitchen

Check wirings once a month

Keep inflammable things like oil, kerosene in safe area

First Aid in burns

In case of minor or first degree burns

Wash the wound in cold water

May apply aloevera gel to the wound

Remove the tight jewelries if it’s on or around the wound

Visit a physician if needed

In case of second degree burns

Wash the wound under cold running water

Apply antibiotic if on the wound

Don’t pop the blisters

Visit a physician

In case of third degree burns

Don’t put water to the wound

Take care that no clothes are stuck to the wounds

Needs immediate medical intervention

Healing the burns

First degree burns heals sooner whereas second degree burns take some time depending upon the intensity of burns, however third degree burns takes much time to heal.

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Where to contact in case of burn emergency ?

Desun Hospital Kolkata is the first private hospital to have Burns Unit of International Standards with specialist doctors to treat primary, secondary & tertiary burns.

How Desun Burns Unit is unique?

DESUN Hospital is among the very private / non government hospitals with 24 Hours Burns Unit both at Kolkata and Siliguri Location.  Emergency – Kolkata ” 9051715171 | Siliguri : 9051640000

Modern burns unit

Round the clock availability of Burn care team of Plastic Reconstructive Surgeon, Physiotherapist to prevent and reduce post burn complications, critical care doctors, Psychiatrist, Nutritionist, nursing and critical care medical team.

Complete isolation units to prevent and reduce infection

Sterile rooms for wound dressing

Post procedure rehabilitation and care

Every required Burns treatment under one roof

High success rate

Burns Awareness Post by Desun Hospital | |

Health Care

Monsoon Health Care – Health | Safety | Precautions

Monsoon is pleasant after the grueling hot summer days. It is beautiful to witness and enjoy the drizzle. Monsoon months are essential for the environment, crop production, water resource replenishment and also temperature management.

Monsoon along with many others benefits open the door to a host of health related problems and hazards.

It is important to keep our immune system robust during monsoon with few easy steps and lifestyle changes

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Remain In Good Health During Monsoon


  • Do consume seasonal fruits, wash it well before consuming
  • Consume a lot of vegetables, but take care to wash it well and do not eat raw, atleast boil it well
  • Consume some spices and common food items like garlic, ginger, honey, cloves, cinnamon, lemon, warm milk these helps protect against cough and cold and also boost our immunity
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  • Work-out, yoga helps in keeping us strong and healthy
  • Sleep well for adequate hours (usual advice is 8 Hours)
  • Maintain your sleep cycle
  • Dry hair and skin well after bath or getting drenched in rain
  • It is better to take a bath and use some antiseptic lotion on foot, hands and other exposed area after getting drenched in rain
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Rain Protection Gears

  • Carry umbrella
  • Get yourself a rain coat if required
  • Rain protection boots and foot wears are also required for some
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General Hygiene

  • Keep your feet, between fingers clean
  • You can use an infection protection powder or lotion
  • Do get leave skin and hair wet for long
  • Wash your hand well before consuming food
  • Wash all food items before consuming
  • Keep your surrounding clean, do not let water accumulate in pots, pipes etc. Do clean air conditioners regularly.
  • Use disinfectants oils and powder, sprays in your surroundings
  • Do not use towels for long or keep wearing wet clothes and reduce chances of fungal infections
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Health Problems and Hazards During Monsoon


Health problems from contaminated water , food items and hands

Occurrence of diseases and infections like

  • Hepatitis A
  • Cholera
  • Typhoid
  • Diarrhea
  • Jaundice
  • Stomach upset
  • Nausea
  • Stomach Pain
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Mosquitoes or Vector Borne Diseases are also common

  • Malaria
  • Dengue
  • Chikungunya

Common Cough and Cold

  • Cough and Cold
  • Fever
  • Hypothermia

Other Health Problems

  • Infections in respiratory tract
  • Asthma
  • Respiratory problems
  • Fungal infections
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Driving Safety

  • Drive slow and within speed limits
  • Follow traffic signals and instructions
  • Try to drive by the usual road
  • Do check the vehicles tyres, brakes, engine oil, brake oil, coolants and other such things regularly
  • Clean your Airconditioner regularly to avoid respiratory infections
  • Maintain your vehicle in good condition
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Commuting Safety – For People using Public Transport and Walking

  • Start with some extra time in hand
  • Do wear proper clothes that support traveling in monsoon
  • Travel by usual route that is known to you to avoid potholes construction sites etc
  • Follow traffic signals while crossing roads
  • Take special precaution and be more alert in unmanned or areas with traffic signals
  • Special caution while crossing railway tracks
  • Practice patience while getting into and getting down from vehicles

Electrical Safety

  • Do use electrical items with caution at home and office. Check if it is dry and there is no leakage on water
  • Check if all electrical points are fitted well and in good condition
  • Be cautious of electrical items and points near leaking or damp walls
  • Stay protected from lightening during thunder showers
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Personal and Community Care

  • Do keep a 24 Hours Emergency Hospital Contact Number handy. In monsoon during heavy showers it is difficult to commute and at times attendance is low in many places, so this is very important. During emergency it may save your life or people around you.
  • Have the ambulance number in your mobile phone, telephone dairy etc
  • Know where the closets 24 Hours pharmacy shop is ; during monsoon the condition of medicines may not be at their best due to inadequate storage, so get it from a pharmacy that maintains Cold-Chain
  • Know the hospital where you can full time specialist doctors during any medical emergency and also with fully functional OT (Operation Theater) facility 24 Hours
24 Hours Emergency Hospital Kolkata

 Travel and Vacation Safety During Monsoons

  • Read well about the destination and location you are traveling
  • Get your travel tickets confirmed and travel if it is possible
  • Gets your hotel booking and other travel facility like cars, buses etc as required confirmed
  • Carry dry food, drinking water and your regular and essential medicines, first-aid while traveling
  • Signage on roads may not be visible, or at times uprooted or damaged, so you can use GPS navigation, compass and other location trackers. Get it right
  • Carry your plastic currency and use proper gear to store them
  • Portable charges, torches, mosquito repellents (creams, machines, lotions) come handy
  • Get a list of Police Stations, government offices, ATMs, Hospitals, Pharmacy Shops and Restaurants etc while traveling to a location or destination.
  • Get proper and suitable clothes and gears to travel as per the requirement of the destination

Health Awareness Post By Desun Hospital and Heart Institute

Health Care

Heart Attack i.e. Myocardial Infarction | Cardiac Arrest | Stroke: Definition – Symptoms – Causes – Emergency Medical Help

In today’s demanding lifestyle people are too engaged with work and various other responsibilities and there is less time for work out, relaxation and following a healthy lifestyle. This is resulting in high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes and many other such diseases among people; it is not only affecting the older generation but also the young and middle aged people. The number of cases of heart attack and other heart and brain related problems have increased and many people are at risk.

Heart Attack | Cardiac Arrest | Brain Stroke
Heart Attack | Cardiac Arrest | Brain Stroke


Heart Attack i.e. Myocardial Infarction  

Heart Attack
Heart Attack

When supply of blood to the heart is largely reduced or restricted due to clots or narrowing of the arteries due to plaque the condition may precipitate to a heart attack. It is important to restore normal or adequate blood flow to the heart as soon as possible to prevent damage to the heart muscles and death if not treated properly.

Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac Arrest

When the heart, all of a sudden stops beating and this result in cutting the flow of blood and oxygen to vital organs in the human body the condition is called cardiac arrest. The beating of the heart needs to be restored immediately with medical intervention orelse death can occur in short time or within few minutes. The chance of death increases by upto 10% with each passing minute the patient not receiving appropriate medical intervention.


When the flow of blood to the brain gets immensely limited , blocked or interrupted for long time for resulting in severe lack of oxygen and nutrients from brain tissues the brain cells starts to die within a few minutes of the stroke.

Brain Stroke
Brain Stroke

When the normal or adequate blood flow is restricted for a short time, mini strokes or Transient Ischemic Attacks occurs.  People having one of few such mini strokes are more likely to get major strokes in later part of life

Difference in symptoms

Common Symptoms of a Heart Attack

  1. Discomfort in chest area like heaviness, fullness      Get Alert
  2. Chest pain
  3. Shortness of breath
  4. Sweating or cold sweating
  5. Fainting
  6. Pain radiating towards stomach, jaws, shoulder, neck area and Left arm towards the tip of the middle finger.
  7. Sudden fatigue. Loss of energy

Common Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest often comes about without warning. Symptoms include:

  1. Loss or lack of consciousness   Get Alert
  2. Breathing stops suddenly
  3. Pulse drops or completely stops
  4. Cannot feel the Blood Pressure.

People can experience Blackouts, pain in and around chest area, sudden dizziness, fainting, fatigue, rapid palpitations, shortness of breath or nausea or vomiting before cardiac arrest

Common Symptoms of Stroke

  1. Difficulty in walking and stepping
  2. Slurring of Speech i. e. Difficulty in speaking, responding and understanding things
  3. Remembering usual things or recalling regular things may become difficult
  4. Sudden problem in vision or seeing Get Alert
  5. Dizziness and or headache may be severe
  6. Partial or complete paralysis, lack of response, weakness or numbness on one side of the body or bilateral depending upon the area of the stroke.
  7. Feeling nausea and vomiting

Common Causes

  1. Uncontrolled blood pressure
  2. Less exercise, movement and / or physical activity
  3. Excess body weight, especially around waist area. Obesity.
  4. Diabetes or High blood sugar. Low blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia
  5. Hereditary
  6. Aging                                                              Get Alert
  7. Smoking
  8. High cholesterol levels
  9. Problems in pumping of blood from heart
  10. Known case of cardiac arrest or heart attack
  11. Considerable change in electrolytes
  12. Hyperthyrodism
  13. Pulmonary hypertension

Desun hospital is one of India’s best heart hospital with 24 Hours Emergency Admission Facility backed with a strong ambulance network all over West Bengal that includes Kolkata and districts , Specialist doctors even at midnight, Ventilator in each ICU bed, Steel OTs are in operation even at midnight.

24 Hours Emergency Hospital
24 Hours Emergency Hospital

Desun hospital is a NABH accredited hospital and have facility for more than 700 latest surgeries that includes Lima-RimaY , Pacemaker, Heart Bypass, Heart Valve Replacement and procedures like Angioplasty and Angiogram.

The 24 Hours emergency contact is open on all days.  Just connect over 86977 21124 , 83340 31345. One can also email at and send prescription and / or test documents to get surgery consultation from Desun Hospital expert team.

Desun Hospital has modern infrastructure for preventive cardiac care with team of Cardiologists, Heart Check –  up Packages and Life Style Advice facility for people visiting cardiologists or undergoing cardiac check up.

Important Links


Cardiac Surgeries:

Preventive Cardiac Care – Heart Check Up Packages: