MALARIA is a LIFE THREATENING Disease if not treated timely. Malaria spreads through mosquito bite. When an infected ANOPHELES mosquito bites a person the PLASMODIUM PARASITE being carried by the mosquito enters the bloodstream of the person.
HOW MALARIA IMPACTS
Now the parasite reaches the LIVER and they mature. Depending on various factors within few days the parasite enters the bloodstream and start impacting the RED BLOOD CELLS. It is usually within 2-3 days the parasites in the blood cells multiply and the infection gets its enormity.
The parasites keep on infecting the blood cells and mostly the symptoms of malaria last for 2-3 days if there is timely treatment. In absence of proper and timely treatment recovery can delay, the symptoms can be very severe and patient may not survive.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EARLY DETECTION AND TREATMENT OF MALARIA
The Consequence of misinterpretation of the symptoms, wrong medication can be fatal. It is best to make medical treatment available to the patient suffering from malaria for early recovery. In most cases malaria through mosquito bite can be treated at home till there is not much complication due to delay in treatment and type of malaria.
PREVENTION OF MALARIA
Malaria is menace and it needs to be prevented and eradicated. We all need to get involved in this initiative to prevent the spread of malaria and DESUN Hospital Shares Thoughts on Prevention of Malaria. Do spread the message through Social Media, Sms, Whatsapp among your family members, friends, colleagues at work and people around you. Be a part of the movement.
VARIOUS CAUSES OF MALARIA and THE IMPACT
4 (Four) types of Malaria parasite can infect humans.
Plasmodium Vivax through mosquito bite
- falciparum is very severe and there is a higher chance of death in this type of malaria
Congenital malaria is when a baby at birth gets the malaria from mother
Malaria can spread through blood so it can also get transmitted through organ transplant, use of same needles or razors, blood transfusion.
DIAGNOSIS of MALARIA
The doctor diagnose Malaria through general health enquiries , enquiries about your recent visit to any area that is malaria prone or the area you live, work if those are malaria prone zones. The doctor will also check the liver and spleen if enlarged etc. Few blood tests as required to know if there is malaria and other health condition as required.
COMMON SYMPTOMS OF MALARIA
Do contact doctor if any of few of the symptoms occur and get medical check up to get sure if it is malaria etc . Do not ignore the symptoms like fever, chill and especially if you are in zone / area where there are cases of malaria being reported.
- Shaking of the body and feeling chill
- High fever
- Sweating a lot
- Pain in the abdomen area
- Pain in muscles and cramps
- Blood in stool
- Loss of sense
SOME LIFE THREATENING SYMPTOMS
It is best to get medical help as soon as one get fever with or without chill in an area that has reported cases of malaria. In any case if any of these symptoms are seen then the patient needs to be immediately shifted to EMERGENCY facility hospital with proper infrastructure of ICU , doctors even at midnight and full medical and emergency facility working even at midnight and 24 hours.
- CELEBRAL MALARIA and or swelling of the blood vessels of the brain
- Breathing problems due to accumulation of fluid in lungs
- Kidney, Liver, Spleen failure
- Anemia due to loss of red blood cells
- Low blood sugar level
TREATMENT OF MALARIA
The doctor prescribes medicines as per the TYPE of MALARIA PARASITE. In case of drug resistance or not complete sure the treatment can be little long term and the doctor may change medicines. There are types of malaria where there is chances of relapse after new weeks etc then in such cases the doctor gives appropriate medicines, course of medicines and intervals.
FOOD DURING MALARIA
Take medical advice and do as per doctor’s advice
|TO BE INCLUDED||TO BE AVOIDED|
|Fruits like oranges, mangoes, papaya, grapefruit, grapes, apples can be chewed or juice depending on condition of patient and medical advice||Alcoholic beverages, Alcohol, Cigarettes , energy drinks (it is best to quit alcohol and smoking for healthy life in general)|
|Milk (if milk suits the patient)||Tea, Coffee, food that contains caffeine|
|Vegetables, nuts, whole grains. Avoid Ground Nuts and Oil Rich Nuts (moderated quantity)||Processed, ready to eat, refined food , white flour, sauces, cakes, pastries etc|
Stay Healthy, Stay Safe and Stay Happy. Spread the Awareness.