A Brain Stroke is a condition when the brain do not receive enough oxygen and nutrients
Strokes are of 3 types
It happens when the arteries to the brain have got narrow or blocked. This type of stroke is mostly treated with medicines
This is condition when the arteries around the brain burst or start leaking. This stroke is mostly treated with surgical intervention
Transient Ischemic Attacks
Here , for few seconds there may be a blockage in the artery due to an embolus .
Some Common Myths about a Brain Stroke
Myth 1: Stroke is always a heart attack
Myth 2: Stroke is not usual, it is rare
Myth 3: Stroke only happens to aged people and mostly above 60 years of age
Myth 4: Strokes can strike anyone, there are no ways to reduce chances or prevent stroke
Myth 5: Strokes are not related to family history and anyone is equally susceptible to stroke
Myth 6: Symptoms of strokes are not distinct and cannot be diagnosed easily
Myth 7: There is only a type of stroke
Myth 8: for many of small stroke or stroke like condition we do not need to take medical advice and see and specialist doctor
Urgent Medical Attention Required
Strokes cause brain damage, so earlier medical attention and required treatment starts the chances of brain damage is minimum.
It is important to get to a superspeciality hospital, where the patient will be attended by specialist doctors in short time and get appropriate medical treatment. If someone is having a stroke or had a stroke it is best to call the ambulance immediately and take the person to the hospital.
Preventive Measures to Reduce Chances of a Stroke
Avoid excess alcohol
Avoid drugs and self medication
Healthy weight management
Proper nutritious and balanced diet
Proper management of blood sugar (diabetes), blood pressure and other health conditions
In today’s demanding lifestyle people are too engaged with work and various other responsibilities and there is less time for work out, relaxation and following a healthy lifestyle. This is resulting in high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes and many other such diseases among people; it is not only affecting the older generation but also the young and middle aged people. The number of cases of heart attack and other heart and brain related problems have increased and many people are at risk.
Heart Attack i.e. Myocardial Infarction
When supply of blood to the heart is largely reduced or restricted due to clots or narrowing of the arteries due to plaque the condition may precipitate to a heart attack. It is important to restore normal or adequate blood flow to the heart as soon as possible to prevent damage to the heart muscles and death if not treated properly.
When the heart, all of a sudden stops beating and this result in cutting the flow of blood and oxygen to vital organs in the human body the condition is called cardiac arrest. The beating of the heart needs to be restored immediately with medical intervention orelse death can occur in short time or within few minutes. The chance of death increases by upto 10% with each passing minute the patient not receiving appropriate medical intervention.
When the flow of blood to the brain gets immensely limited , blocked or interrupted for long time for resulting in severe lack of oxygen and nutrients from brain tissues the brain cells starts to die within a few minutes of the stroke.
When the normal or adequate blood flow is restricted for a short time, mini strokes or Transient Ischemic Attacks occurs. People having one of few such mini strokes are more likely to get major strokes in later part of life
Difference in symptoms
Common Symptoms of a Heart Attack
Discomfort in chest area like heaviness, fullness
Shortness of breath
Sweating or cold sweating
Pain radiating towards stomach, jaws, shoulder, neck area and Left arm towards the tip of the middle finger.
Sudden fatigue. Loss of energy
Common Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac arrest often comes about without warning. Symptoms include:
Loss or lack of consciousness
Breathing stops suddenly
Pulse drops or completely stops
Cannot feel the Blood Pressure.
People can experience Blackouts, pain in and around chest area, sudden dizziness, fainting, fatigue, rapid palpitations, shortness of breath or nausea or vomiting before cardiac arrest
Common Symptoms of Stroke
Difficulty in walking and stepping
Slurring of Speech i. e. Difficulty in speaking, responding and understanding things
Remembering usual things or recalling regular things may become difficult
Sudden problem in vision or seeing
Dizziness and or headache may be severe
Partial or complete paralysis, lack of response, weakness or numbness on one side of the body or bilateral depending upon the area of the stroke.
Feeling nausea and vomiting
Uncontrolled blood pressure
Less exercise, movement and / or physical activity
Excess body weight, especially around waist area. Obesity.
Diabetes or High blood sugar. Low blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia
High cholesterol levels
Problems in pumping of blood from heart
Known case of cardiac arrest or heart attack
Considerable change in electrolytes
Desun hospital is one of India’s best heart hospital with 24 Hours Emergency Admission Facility backed with a strong ambulance network all over West Bengal that includes Kolkata and districts , Specialist doctors even at midnight, Ventilator in each ICU bed, Steel OTs are in operation even at midnight.
Desun hospital is a NABH accredited hospital and have facility for more than 700 latest surgeries that includes Lima-RimaY , Pacemaker, Heart Bypass, Heart Valve Replacement and procedures like Angioplasty and Angiogram.
The 24 Hours emergency contact is open on all days. Just connect over 86977 21124 , 83340 31345. One can also email at email@example.com and send prescription and / or test documents to get surgery consultation from Desun Hospital expert team.
Desun Hospital has modern infrastructure for preventive cardiac care with team of Cardiologists, Heart Check – up Packages and Life Style Advice facility for people visiting cardiologists or undergoing cardiac check up.