Colonoscopy Procedure

 

The diagnostic exam used to identify changes or abnormal conditions in the large intestine and the rectum is known as colonoscopy.

The procedure involves the insertion of a long, flexible tube (colonoscope) into the rectum. At the tip of the tube there is a tiny video camera attached which allows the doctor to view the inside of the entire colon or large intestine.

Polyps or other types of abnormal tissue are also medically removed through the scope during a colonoscopy, whenever necessary. During a colonoscopy, tissue samples (biopsies) are taken for further examination if required.

 

Colonoscopy Procedure 

 

What is a Colonoscopy?

What happens during a Colonoscopy?

What should I expect after a colonoscopy?

 

What is a Colonoscopy?

The diagnostic exam used to identify changes or abnormal conditions in the large intestine and the rectum is known as colonoscopy.

The procedure involves the insertion of a long, flexible tube (colonoscope) into the rectum. At the tip of the tube there is a tiny video camera attached which allows the doctor to view the inside of the entire colon or large intestine.

Polyps or other types of abnormal tissue are also medically removed through the scope during a colonoscopy, whenever necessary. During a colonoscopy, tissue samples (biopsies) are taken for further examination if required.

 

Why is Colonoscopy done?

Colonoscopy is prescribed for abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, chronic constipation, chronic diarrhea and other intestinal problems. It also helps to diagnose chances of colon cancer.

Adults over the age of 50 who are at average risk of colon cancer are advised to get a colonoscopy at least at an interval of 10 years. If patients seem to be experiencing an increased risk, more frequent procedures are required to keep a check on their health. The doctor may recommend a colonoscopy to:

  • Investigate signs and symptoms in the intestinal region: A colonoscopy is effective in the identification of possible causes of abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, chronic constipation, chronic diarrhea and other intestinal problems.
  • Diagnose the patient for colon cancer: If the patient is above 50 years of age with an average risk of colon cancer, which means there are no colon cancer risk factors apart from age, the concerned doctor may recommend a colonoscopy every 10 years to screen for colon cancer.
  • Locate additional polyps: In the case of the patient with a history of being diagnosed with polyps, the doctor may recommend a follow-up colonoscopy to locate and remove additional polyps to further reduce risk of colon cancer.

 

Who is at risk?

The medical community strongly recommends that anyone with risk factors for colorectal cancer should get a screening done with the help of a colonoscopy starting at age 50. The timing or frequency of the colonoscopies varies depending on the findings of the patient’s test. The patient may need to have a colonoscopy at a younger age if they have an increased risk of colon cancer. These risk factors can include:

  • Having familial polyposis syndrome (a condition that runs in the patient’s family and is linked to an increased risk of forming polyps).
  • Having a genetic condition associated with colon cancer.
  • Having inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Having first-degree relatives with colon cancer (such as the patient’s mother or father, brother or sister, or child).
  • Having multiple relatives with colon cancer.
 

How long does the colonoscopy procedure lasts?

The colonoscopy procedure lasts from approximately 30 minutes to 1 hour.

 

Why act immediately?

A colonoscopy finding is considered serious if the doctor detects any polyps or abnormal tissue in the colon.

Usually most polyps aren't malignant, but some of them can be pre-cancerous. Polyps removed during colonoscopy are sent to a laboratory for analysis to determine whether they are cancerous, precancerous or noncancerous.

The size and number of polyps determines whether the patient is advised a more rigorous surveillance schedule to locate more polyps or not.

If tests reveal one or two polyps less than 0.4 inch (1 centimeter) in diameter, the patient may need a repeat colonoscopy in five to 10 years, depending on other combined risk factors for colon cancer.

A follow up colonoscopy sooner is usually advised in the following cases:

  • Presence of more than two polyps
  • A large polyp which is larger than 0.4 inch (1 centimeter)
  • Presence of polyps as well as residual stool in the colon that prevents complete intestinal examination
  • Presence of polyps with certain cell characteristics that indicate a higher risk of cancer
  • Presence of cancerous polyps

If the patient has a polyp or other abnormal tissue that cannot be removed during the colonoscopy, a repeat exam with a gastroenterologist who has special expertise in removing large polyps, or a surgery, is usually recommended

 
 

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At Desun hospital, the surgery and hospital stay package prices are one of lowest in comparison to other corporate hospitals, and 24x7 availability of Specialist Surgeons & Consultants under one roof ensure prompt treatment. Every patient receives the highest standards in care which are cost-effective, time-saving and lead to quick recovery. Desun Hospital has a holistic approach to patient care with an end to end integration of various processes, starting from consultation to diagnosis, surgery and finally complete post-operative care

Rated as one of India’s best hospitals

  • DESUN is the youngest hospital in India to get the prestigious National Accreditation Board for Hospitals (NABH) accreditation from Government of India for excellence in quality of medical treatment and hospital services. The world over, NABH is considered equivalent to the JCAHO (Joint Commission for American Healthcare Organizations) or JCI (Joint Commission International) standards followed in USA for hospital accreditation.
  • Awarded Healthcare Pioneers Of The East 2020 by The Times Of India in Cardiac Care and Orthopaedics.
  • In the lead story of the November 2011 issue of national news magazine THE WEEK, India’s best hospitals were covered, based on an All India Survey. DESUN Hospital was included in this prestigious list.
  • The DESUN Pathology Lab has also received the prestigious National Accreditation Board for Laboratories (NABL) accreditation, for excellence in quality of routine and Superspeciality pathology testing. In Eastern India, only DESUN Pathology Lab has in-house facilities to perform Superspeciality pathology tests like PCR, Flow Cytometry, etc. This has huge benefits for DESUN’s patients tremendously because there is practically no waiting time to get test results when compared to other hospitals in Kolkata, who have to send these tests to Mumbai or Delhi and wait for 3 or 4 days for get results. Thus, there is no delay in diagnosis and DESUN’s patients get prompt and accurate treatment.

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  • Desun is CGHS recognized NABH Multispeciality Hospital since 2015 & also Class I Multispeciality Hospital recommended by WBHS

Safest Hospital for Any Operation

  • 2 of the major fears any surgeon has before any operation is that of OT infection and cardiac or heart complications during or after the operation. If OT infections occur or the patient develops cardiac problems, even the best surgeon will be unable to help. DESUN is the only hospital in Kolkata that has STEEL OPERATION THEATERS (Steel OTs) that drastically reduces chances of OT infection. After surgery, the patient is under the best care of doctors and nurses in the post-operative phase at DESUN. DESUN also has the largest Heart Institute in Kolkata to handle any cardiac emergencies during or after surgery.

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  • With 28 medical departments, each having in-house specialist doctors, any problem during your stay at DESUN can be handled round the clock. You may be admitted for one particular surgery but if any other health problem comes up for which your specialist doctor needs advice, in-house doctors of other departments are available immediately.
  • Consultation with in-house Specialist Doctors and best experienced surgeons is available round the clock for surgeries and best-in-class treatment.

Steel OTs

  • Desun is the only hospital in Kolkata with Steel Operation Theatres (OT). This ensures a drastic reduction in chances of an OT infection. Advanced medical facilities deliver top line patient care and complete recovery.

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  • Desun Hospital has tie ups with the widest range of TPA service providers to enable on time processing.

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  • Ensure affordable and transparent pricing, for high quality health care services without compromising on patient care.

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