Bone loss in women is major problem and the health related consequences of bone loss are serious when ignored and not enough preventive measures are taken to slowdown the process. Timely Corrective Action is important for healthy and happy life.
- Almost 50% of women above the age of 50 years are suffering from bone loss. The bones are best between the age of 30-40 years.
- Osteoporosis is second largest health related problem to cardiovascular diseases as per data of World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF)
- Almost 9 million fractures due to osteoporosis occur annually as per Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF). So every 3 seconds there is case of fracture with around 200 million women who are suffering from bone loss and osteoporosis.
Osteopenia and Osteoporosis - Difference
- Osteopenia is condition where the bones are weaker and of less density. They will not break or get fractured easily as in the case of people suffering from osteoporosis. Easy bone fracture is major characteristic of Osteoporosis.
- Osteopenia is a condition that may necessarily not progress to osteoporosis. Lifestyle changes, proper exercises, diet, body weight management, maintaining good health parameters, proper medication can help bones stay strong and dense for a long time.
Some Early Signs of Bone Loss
- Body pain, back pain
- Unable or difficulty is lifting some light weight items
- Loss of height
- Stooped posture
Some Causes of Bone Loss
- Eating disorder like anorexia
- Lack of required nutrition
- Lack of calcium and vitamin D, protein in diet
- Age, Race, Gender: Women above the age of 50 years have higher chances of gradual bone loss. Asian women come in this category.
- Lack of exercises: fitness exercises, light weight training, stretching and strength building exercises along with asanas (yoga) helps in maintaining healthy bone health.
- Smoking, regular consumption of alcohol and carbonated drinks, soda based beverages
- Too much of thyroid medicines, certain other medicines like anti-seizure drugs and few steroids
Prevention – Bone loss, osteopenia and osteoporosis
It is best to start taking care early in the teens. The density of the bones in the teens and till the peak bone density age influences the bone loss in the later part of the life.
- Diet: Right diet plan as per age, activity level and other health condition (it is best to keep knowledge of health parameters by undergoing prescribed medical tests by doctor/s). Balanced diet, proper intake of Calcium, Vitamin D and Proteins etc can help to maintain healthy bones. Include food items like fishes, milk, eggs, spinach, dried beans, broccoli, cottage cheese, cheese, oranges, cereals, bread, meat etc.
- Fitness: Regular exercise is important. Stretching, strength building exercises, light weight training, asanas (yoga), walking for 30 minutes daily is good for bones. Enough rest is also important and little rest between workout sets etc.
- Lifestyle: Quit alcohol and smoking, avoid junk food, carbonated drinks.
- Medical: Avoid self medication, consume medicines as per medical advice. Undergo medical tests as per medical advice.
EARLY DIAGNOSIS and TREATMENT
Medical tests like Bone Density Test, Quantitative Ultra Sound, DEXA Scan and some other required tests as per the specialist doctor can help one know the condition of the bone. It is best suggested to visit specialist doctor if any or few of the above mentioned symptoms of bone loss is noticed. Early intervention through medicines, diet, lifestyle changes can help maintaining healthy bones for many years and in case of patients already with osteopenia or osteoporosis proper treatment and advice can do great good.