Mitral valve repair and Mitral Valve Replacement (MVR) are procedures that are performed to treat diseases of the mitral valve — the valve located between the left heart chambers (left atrium and left ventricle). If the patient has mitral valve disease, they may eventually need mitral valve repair or mitral valve replacement surgery to treat the condition.
Several types of mitral valve disease exist. Treatment for mitral valve disease depends on the severity of the patient’s condition. Doctors may recommend surgery to repair or replace mitral valves for some people with mitral valve disease. Several surgical procedures exist to repair or replace mitral valves, including open-heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery.
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Heart Valve Replacement Surgery in India at low cost and high quality is now within the reach through DESUN Hospital, Kolkata, India.
Mitral valve problems are rarely caused by a birth defect, otherwise known as a congenital condition. More often, simple “wear and tear” may cause part of the valve mechanism to fail. This is called “degenerative disease”. This may be related to advancing age, although many young people will have this condition as well. Rheumatic fever may damage the Mitral Valve causing stenosis or regurgitation. Occasionally the Mitral Valve is damaged by infection or bacterial endocarditis. Ischemic heart disease (Coronary Artery Disease) can also cause the Mitral Valve to leak.
Many Mitral valves can be repaired, especially if they leak due to degenerative disease. In many cases, however, the valve is too damaged to permit repair and the valve must be replaces with a prosthetic valve. Valves damaged by rheumatic disease often must be replaced.
After a diseased Mitral valve is replaced, the artificial valve works more likely a normal valve and allows blood to flow more normally through the heart. Many people feel better and have a better quality of life after surgery. The outcome of Mitral Valve Replacement depends on a person’s heart health and overall health, including other health conditions.
Mitral valve stenosis and mitral valve regurgitation (also known as mitral insufficiency) are two different types of problems that might need valve replacement.
These valve problems can lead to symptoms as fatigue and shortness of breath. If these symptoms become severe, surgery may be necessary.
Both mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation can result from general aging of the valve. Other causes of mitral valve disease include:
The doctor may first suggest monitoring the patient’s condition with regular evaluations if the patient is not experiencing symptoms or if the condition is mild. Medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms. If the condition is mild, the patient may not need surgery.
However, the mitral valve may eventually need to be repaired or replaced. In some cases, doctors may recommend mitral valve repair or mitral valve replacement even if the patient is not experiencing symptoms. Research has found that performing surgery in a person with severe mitral valve regurgitation who isn't experiencing symptoms, rather than monitoring the condition, can improve long-term outcomes.
If the patient needs heart surgery for another condition in addition to mitral valve disease, doctors may conduct surgery to treat both conditions at the same time.
The patient may need some routine tests before the procedure to assess overall health before surgery. These may include:
If the patient’s mitral valve can't be repaired, the doctor may recommend mitral valve replacement.
In general, during open mitral valve replacement:
The patient generally spends 2 – 3 days in the cardiac care unit (CCU) where they are given fluids, nutrition and medications through intravenous (IV) lines. Other tubes drain urine from the bladder and drain fluid and blood from the heart and chest and the patient may also be given oxygen.
The treatment team monitors the patient’s condition and watches for signs of infection in the incision sites. All vitals are checked frequently.
The treatment team may instruct the patient to walk regularly to gradually increase activity and to do breathing exercises as they recover.
The doctor gives instructions to follow during recovery, such as properly caring for incisions, taking medications, and managing pain and other side effects after surgery.
Recovery time depends on the procedure, overall health before the procedure and any complications. The doctor may advise the patient to avoid driving a car or lifting anything more than 10 pounds for several weeks and instruct the patient about when he/she can return to normal activities.
DESUN does a lot of high volume cardiac surgeries in Kolkata. Led by skilled doctors, the members of the team are excellent surgeons and anesthetists who are pioneers in the field of cardiac surgery.
DESUN has two whole cardiac care units dedicated to cardio-thoracic patients. Of the total number of operating theatres, 4 are dedicated to cardiac care for undertaking surgeries ranging from valve replacements to correction of congenital defects. Surgical expertise is backed by sophisticated post-operative care, which makes DESUN one of the best hospitals for high-risk cardiac surgeries.
DESUN has highly advanced steel modular operating theatres that are fully equipped with the latest state-of-the-art instrument for the convenience of the surgeons.
The aim is not just to prolong life, but also to ensure that all normal activities can be resumed as quickly as possible.
At Desun hospital, the surgery and hospital stay package prices are one of lowest in comparison to other corporate hospitals, and 24x7 availability of Specialist Surgeons & Consultants under one roof ensure prompt treatment. Every patient receives the highest standards in care which are cost-effective, time-saving and lead to quick recovery. Desun Hospital has a holistic approach to patient care with an end to end integration of various processes, starting from consultation to diagnosis, surgery and finally complete post-operative care.
Desun hospital Kolkata is premium superspeciality hospital in Eastern India with state of art health care infrastructure. Desun hospital Kolkata is NABH and NABL accredited and follow strict quality parameters as per requirements.
Desun hospital is among the very few hospitals in India where there is more than 700 comprehensive surgery packages available. The composite surgery packages are all inclusive of the important things that are a part of any surgery process starting from information seeking by patient or patient party to the post operative care that may continue even after discharge from hospital. The surgery packages at the hospital have been developed by experienced medical team so that it is all inclusive and comprehensive.
The surgery packages at Desun Hospital Kolkata are affordable as per cost and quality. High quality health care services in a hospital in India at affordable cost are a combination that is indeed helpful to patients visiting the hospital from all over India, West Bengal and certainly Kolkata. People also visit the hospital from parts of the world like Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, South East Asia and Middle East.
The excellent patient service team and 24 hours emergency response also brings in local Kolkata residents and people from parts of West Bengal and North Bengal whose relatives, sons or daughters stay outside India. NRI’s and NROB’s have facility to enroll their parents and elders under the Desun Parent card scheme that enables them to take care of the hospitalization and health care needs of their senior citizen elders and parents back home in India. All payments and procedures of admission, discharge etc can be concluded online or over phone.
Desun hospital has facilities for latest surgeries and all modern equipments, OTs (Steel OT’s) and updated facilities to deliver excellence in terms of latest surgery techniques , modern well maintained equipments and over all top level health care infrastructure. Laparoscopic surgeries (lap) , key hole , minimally invasive and invasive surgeries all are conducted in the hospital. The hospital has advanced health care facility.
Highly experienced doctors, well trained staffs, active patient care team alongside the best surgery facilities provide a very good experience at Desun. This is evident from the numbers of people and families who recommend this hospital in Kolkata, India as a very dependable place for undergoing latest surgeries at an affordable cost. There are many success stories at Desun hospital those published and discussed even in leading national and local newspapers and news media in television. Desun’s medical team with it’s dedication and help pf advanced health care facilities at the hospital have done surgeries that are popular among hospital impact stories in India.