The Gall Bladder is a pear-shaped, hollow structure located under the liver and on the right side of the abdomen. Its primary function is to store and concentrate bile, a yellow-brown digestive enzyme produced by the liver. The gall Bladder is part of the biliary tract.
Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in your gallbladder.
It’s not clear what causes gallstones to form. Doctors think gallstones may result when:
Your bile contains too much cholesterol
Your bile contains too much bilirubin
Your gall bladder doesn’t empty correctly.
Sudden and rapidly intensifying pain in the upper right portion of your abdomen
Sudden and rapidly intensifying pain in the center of your abdomen, just below your breastbone
Back pain between your shoulder blades
Pain in your right shoulder
Nausea or vomiting
Many patients have Gall Bladder Surgery to alleviate pain and to avoid the potentially serious conditions caused by gallstones. In fact, surgery — in this case, a cholecystectomy, or Gall Bladder removal — is the most common form of treatment for gallstones.
Laparoscopic Gall Bladder Surgery (cholecystectomy) removes the Gall Bladder and gallstones through several small cuts (incisions) in the abdomen. Because the Gall Bladder has been removed, the body can no longer store bile between meals. In most people, this has little or no effect on digestion.
Avoid crash diets or a very low intake of calories (less than 800 calories daily). Seek out good sources of fiber — raw fruits and vegetables, cooked dried beans and peas, whole-grain cereals and bran, for example — and avoid eating too much fat. A high-fiber, low-fat diet helps keep bile cholesterol in liquid form.