Cardiac disease in an young individual is often unexpected, so warnings are not always recognized. The general warnings in adults include:
They may also experience pain in the –
Epigastric region (upper central region of the abdomen)
Women often experience slightly different symptoms. As opposed to heart pain, they may feel squeezing or tightness in the chest. Sometimes, they do not feel chest pressure at all, and instead, will feel shortness of breath, upper back pressure, or upper abdominal pain. They may also experience excessive fatigue, cold sweats, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and sometimes fainting.
Modifiable risk factors:
These Risk Factors can be successfully treated or controlled over time. The most common factors are:
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High LDL Cholesterol
A Sedentary Lifestyle
Additionally, a family history of Cardiovascular Disease is a Non-Modifiable factor that can increase the risk of developing a heart disease.
Healthier eating habits
Reduce sedentary time
Avoid junk foods & aerated drinks
Quit smoking & Alcohol use
Never use any illicit drugs
Keep your weight under control
Regular health check-ups
Once a person gets a Heart Attack, an emergency admission with well-equipped Cardiac Unit should be availed at the earliest. The line of treatment will depend completely on the nature and extent of the attack. After running diagnostic tests like ECG, Echocardiograph, Carotid Doppler or Angiography the next line of treatment will be decided by the Cardiac Speciality Doctor. The patient may require an Angioplasty or a Bypass Surgery, which completely depends on the diagnostic results.