Mitral valve repair and Mitral Valve Replacement (MVR) are procedures that are performed to treat diseases of the mitral valve — the valve located between the left heart chambers (left atrium and left ventricle). If the patient has mitral valve disease, they may eventually need mitral valve repair or mitral valve transplant surgery to treat the condition.
Several types of mitral valve disease exist. Treatment for mitral valve disease depends on the severity of the patient’s condition. Doctors may recommend surgery to repair or replace mitral valves for some people with mitral valve disease. Several surgical procedures exist to repair or replace mitral valves, including open-heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery.
Mitral valve stenosis and mitral valve regurgitation (also known as mitral insufficiency) are two different types of problems that might need valve replacement.
In mitral valve stenosis, the valve is unable to open fully, and less blood is able to move from the left atria into the left ventricle. The leaflets become thick or stiff, and they may fuse together. This results in a narrowed valve opening and reduced blood flow through the valve.
In mitral valve regurgitation, the valve is leaky. Some blood leaks back into the left atrium instead of moving forward into the left ventricle. In mitral valve regurgitation, the flaps (leaflets) of the mitral valve don’t close tightly, and this condition commonly occurs due to valve leaflets bulging back — a condition called mitral valve prolapse.
These valve problems can lead to symptoms as fatigue and shortness of breath. If these symptoms become severe, surgery may be necessary.
Both mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation can result from general aging of the valve. Other causes of mitral valve disease include:
Ischemic heart disease (coronary artery disease)
Infection of the heart valves
The doctor may first suggest monitoring the patient’s condition with regular evaluations if the patient is not experiencing symptoms or if the condition is mild. Medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms. If the condition is mild, the patient may not need surgery.
However, the mitral valve may eventually need to be repaired or replaced. In some cases, doctors may recommend mitral valve repair or mitral valve replacement even if the patient is not experiencing symptoms. Research has found that performing surgery in a person with severe mitral valve regurgitation who isn’t experiencing symptoms, rather than monitoring the condition, can improve long-term outcomes.
If the patient needs heart surgery for another condition in addition to mitral valve disease, doctors may conduct surgery to treat both conditions at the same time.
The patient may need some routine tests before the procedure to assess overall health before surgery. These may include:
Coronary angiogram (to assess blood flow in your heart arteries)
If the patient’s mitral valve can’t be repaired, the doctor may recommend mitral valve replacement.
In general, during open mitral valve replacement:
The surgery is done under general anesthesia and usually lasts 4 to 6 hours.
The doctor makes an incision down the middle of the patient’s chest. To access the heart, the doctor separates your breastbone.
The surgery team attaches the patient to a heart-lung machine. This machine acts as the heart and lungs during the procedure.
The surgeon then removes the mitral heart valve and replaces it with a new valve.
The surgery team then removes the heart-lung machine.
The team finally wires the breastbone back together.
The patient generally spends 2 – 3 days in the cardiac care unit (CCU) where they are given fluids, nutrition and medications through intravenous (IV) lines. Other tubes drain urine from the bladder and drain fluid and blood from the heart and chest and the patient may also be given oxygen.
The treatment team monitors the patient’s condition and watches for signs of infection in the incision sites. All vitals are checked frequently.
The treatment team may instruct the patient to walk regularly to gradually increase activity and to do breathing exercises as they recover.
The doctor gives instructions to follow during recovery, such as properly caring for incisions, taking medications, and managing pain and other side effects after surgery.
Recovery time depends on the procedure, overall health before the procedure and any complications. The doctor may advise the patient to avoid driving a car or lifting anything more than 10 pounds for several weeks and instruct the patient about when he/she can return to normal activities.
DESUN does a lot of high volume cardiac surgeries in Kolkata. Led by skilled doctors, the members of the team are excellent surgeons and anesthetists who are pioneers in the field of cardiac surgery.
DESUN has two whole cardiac care units dedicated to cardio-thoracic patients. Of the total number of operating theatres, 4 are dedicated to cardiac care for undertaking surgeries ranging from valve replacements to correction of congenital defects. Surgical expertise is backed by sophisticated post-operative care, which makes DESUN one of the best hospitals for high-risk cardiac surgeries.
DESUN has highly advanced steel modular operating theatres that are fully equipped with the latest state-of-the-art instrument for the convenience of the surgeons.
The aim is not just to prolong life, but also to ensure that all normal activities can be resumed as quickly as possible.
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At Desun Hospital, majority of the angioplasty procedures are done radially (through wrist), which decreases pain, chances of infection & hospital stay. For Angioplasty & hospital stay packages, we offer the lowest prices compared to other local hospitals. 24x7 availability of best team of Specialist Doctors and surgeons under one roof further ensures prompt treatment. Every patient receives the highest standards in care which are cost-effective, time-saving and lead to quick recovery. Desun Hospital has a holistic approach to patient care with an end to end integration of various processes, starting from consultation to diagnosis, surgery and finally complete post-operative care.
Desun is CGHS recognized NABH Multispeciality Hospital since 2015 & also Class I Multispeciality Hospital recommended by WBHS.
2 of the major fears any surgeon has before any operation is that of OT infection and cardiac or heart complications during or after the operation. If OT infections occur or the patient develops cardiac problems, even the best surgeon will be unable to help. DESUN is the only hospital in Kolkata that has STEEL OPERATION THEATRES (Steel OTs) that drastically reduces chances of OT infection. After surgery, the patient is under the best care of doctors and nurses in the post-operative phase at DESUN. DESUN also has the largest Heart Institute in Kolkata to handle any cardiac emergencies during or after surgery.
Advanced medical technology and best-in-class infrastructure for faster diagnosis and prognosis during any time of day with dedicated Cath Lab help in quick response during complications.
Desun's comprehensive surgery packages include prompt and timely investigative procedures and tests, consultations with the best doctors and surgeons on call, attentive hospital stay and thorough diagnosis for treatment procedures and complete recovery at cost effective pries
With 28 medical departments, each having in-house specialist doctors, any problem during your stay at DESUN can be handled round the clock. You may be admitted for one particular surgery but if any other health problem comes up for which your specialist doctor needs advice, in-house doctors of other departments are available immediately.
Consultation with in-house Specialist Doctors and best experienced surgeons is available round the clock for surgeries and best-in-class treatment.
Desun is the only hospital in Kolkata with Steel Operation Theatres (OT). This ensures a drastic reduction in chances of an OT infection. Advanced medical facilities deliver top line patient care and complete recovery.
Ours is one of the largest NABL Pathology Labs in Kolkata equipped to perform in house superspeciality tests for quick review. NABH was granted to Desun Hospital for 3 times 7 consecutive year.
Desun Hospital has tie ups with the widest range of TPA service providers to enable on time processing.
Ensure affordable and transparent pricing, for high quality health care services without compromising on patient care.
Desun Hospital Kolkata is premium superspeciality hospital in Eastern India with state of art health care infrastructure. Desun Hospital Kolkata is NABH and NABL accredited and follow strict quality parameters as per requirements.
Desun Hospital is among the very few hospitals in India where there is more than 700 comprehensive surgery packages available. The composite surgery packages are all inclusive of the important things that are a part of any surgery process starting from information seeking by patient or patient party to the post operative care that may continue even after discharge from hospital. The surgery packages at the hospital have been developed by experienced medical team so that it is all inclusive and comprehensive.
The surgery packages at Desun Hospital Kolkata are affordable as per cost and quality. High quality health care services in a hospital in India at affordable cost are a combination that is indeed helpful to patients visiting the hospital from all over India, West Bengal and certainly Kolkata. People also visit the hospital from parts of the world like Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, South East Asia and Middle East.
The excellent patient service team and 24 hours emergency response also brings in local Kolkata residents and people from parts of West Bengal and North Bengal whose relatives, sons or daughters stay outside India. NRI’s and NROB’s have facility to enroll their parents and elders under the Desun Senior Citizen Card scheme that enables them to take care of the hospitalization and health care needs of their senior citizen elders and parents back home in India. All payments and procedures of admission, discharge etc can be concluded online or over phone.
Desun Hospital has facilities for latest surgeries and all modern equipments, OTs (Steel OT’s) and updated facilities to deliver excellence in terms of latest surgery techniques , modern well maintained equipments and over all top level health care infrastructure. Laparoscopic surgeries (lap) , key hole , minimally invasive and invasive surgeries all are conducted in the hospital. The hospital has advanced health care facility.
Highly experienced doctors, well trained staffs, active patient care team alongside the best surgery facilities provide a very good experience at Desun. This is evident from the numbers of people and families who recommend this hospital in Kolkata, India as a very dependable place for undergoing latest surgeries at an affordable cost. There are many success stories at Desun Hospital those published and discussed even in leading national and local newspapers and news media in television. Desun’s medical team with it’s dedication and help pf advanced health care facilities at the hospital have done surgeries that are popular among hospital impact stories in India.